But how the brain creates the conscious experience and what area of the brain is responsible for this remains a mystery.As strange as it sounds, the conscious experience in our brain, cannot be found or reduced to some neural activity.
Zakaria Neemeh, a philosopher from the University of Memphis, “when I feel happiness, my brain will create a distinctive pattern of complex neural activity.As a result, we can’t reduce the conscious experience of what we sense, feel and think to any brain activity.After more than 100 years of neuroscience we have very good evidence that the brain is responsible for the creation of our conscious abilities. So how could it be that these conscious experiences can’t be found anywhere in the brain (or in the body) and can’t be reduced to any neural complex activity.Although they have opposite measurements, both of them are correct, just from different frames of reference.Because, according to the theory, consciousness is a relativistic phenomenon, we find the same situation in the case of consciousness.Now Alice and Bob are in different cognitive frames of reference.
Bob will measure that he has conscious experience, but Alice just has brain activity with no sign of the actual conscious experience, while Alice will measure that she is the one that has consciousness and Bob has just neural activity with no clue of its conscious experience.Just like in the case of velocity, although they have opposite measurements, both of them are correct, but from different cognitive frames of reference.As a result, because of the relativistic point of view, there is no problem with the fact that we measure different properties from different frames of reference.The fact that we cannot find the actual conscious experience while measuring brain activity is because we’re measuring from the wrong cognitive frame of reference.According to the new theory, the brain doesn’t create our conscious experience, at least not through computations.In a nutshell, different physical measurements in different frames of reference manifest different physical properties in these frames of reference although these frames measure the same phenomenon.
Because of their different kinds of measurements, different kinds of properties have been manifested in their cognitive frames of reference.Consequently, in his cognitive frame Alice has only neural activity that represents her consciousness, but no sign of her actual conscious experience itself.
But, for Alice to measure her own neural activity as happiness, she uses different kind of measurements.As a result, from her cognitive frame of reference, Alice measures her neural activity as conscious experience.Using the mathematical tools that describe relativistic phenomena in physics, the theory shows that if the dynamics of Bob’s neural activity could be changed to be like the dynamics of Alice’s neural activity, then both will be in the same cognitive frame of reference and would have the exact same conscious experience as the other.A Relativistic Theory of Consciousness.
Given that the first-person cognitive frame of reference also offers legitimate observations on consciousness, we conclude by arguing that philosophers can usefully contribute to the science of consciousness by collaborating with neuroscientists to explore the neural basis of phenomenal structures
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