Large Dinosaur Predators – Such As T. rex – Evolved Different Eye Socket Shapes To Allow Stronger Bites - SciTechDaily

Large Dinosaur Predators – Such As T. rex – Evolved Different Eye Socket Shapes To Allow Stronger Bites - SciTechDaily

Large Dinosaur Predators – Such As T. rex – Evolved Different Eye Socket Shapes To Allow Stronger Bites - SciTechDaily
Aug 12, 2022 53 secs

While in many animals, including most dinosaurs, the eye socket is just a circular hole in the skull housing the eyeball, this is very different in large carnivores.

This research, by scientists at the University of Birmingham, was published today (August 11, 2022) in Communications Biology.

Stephan Lautenschlager, University of Birmingham.

Stephan Lautenschlager, Senior Lecturer for Palaeobiology at the University of Birmingham and author of the new study, analyzed the shape of the eye sockets of ca.

500 different dinosaurs and related species.

Stephan Lautenschlager.

Stephan Lautenschlager, University of Birmingham.

Lautenschlager tested what purpose these unusual eye socket shapes could have by using computer simulations and stress analysis.

However, if these were replaced with other eye socket shapes stresses were significantly reduced.

Skulls of different dinosaurs showing variation in eye socket shape (stippled outline).

Stephan Lautenschlager, University of Birmingham.

Lautenschlager added: “In these species, just the upper part of the eye socket was actually occupied by the eyeball.

Reference: “Functional and ecomorphological evolution of orbit shape in mesozoic archosaurs is driven by body size and diet” by Stephan Lautenschlager, 11 August 2022, Communications Biology

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