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1 day ago
  • 56 secs
  • #science
  • #ScienceAlert
  • Summary

"We – completely unexpectedly – detected a small asteroid in publicly available MIRI calibration observations," says astronomer Thomas Müller of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Germany.

It wasn't a total bust as far as 10920 was concerned; the images obtained by the JWST allowed the researchers to test some techniques for constraining the size and orbit of asteroids, combined with data from other ground- and space-based telescopes.

"We estimate," the researchers write in their paper, "that MIRI frames with pointings close to the ecliptic and short integration times of only a few seconds will always include a few asteroids; most of them will be unknown objects."

1 day ago

Ichthyornis dispar was a primitive seabird with teeth that lived during the late Cretaceous Period – from 100 million to 66 million years ago – in North America.Courtesy of Michael Hanson and Bhart-Anjan S. Bhullar.Fossils of early toothless birds show they were able to eat more plant-based food – specifically nuts, fruits and seeds.

Since so many animal species died – and plants were struggling to get enough sunlight – food would have been hard to find if you were a bird.

But if you could peck the ground and find buried seeds or nuts to eat, that might have made all the difference in your ability to survive as a species.

1 day ago

The team at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) in Germany have been looking for exoplanets to search for 'biosignatures' - evidence of alien life, past or present.

Dr Diana Kossakowski, the study's lead author, said: 'When we analysed the data of the star Wolf 1069, we discovered a clear, low-amplitude signal of what appears to be a planet of roughly Earth mass.

The Earth's magnetic field is largely generated by the superheated, swirling liquid iron that makes up its outer core, 1,900 miles (3,000 km) below our feet.

1 day ago
  • 1 min, 7 secs
  • #science
  • #Phys.Org
  • Summary

"One of the novel things about this is analyzing environments where planets are still forming," said Jason Terry, doctoral student in the UGA Franklin College of Arts and Sciences department of physics and astronomy and lead author on the study.

The James Webb Space Telescope, launched by NASA in 2021, has inaugurated a new level of infrared astronomy, bringing stunning new images and reams of data for scientists to analyze.

The Nancy Grace Roman Observatory, a 2.4-meter survey telescope scheduled to launch in 2027 that will look for dark energy and exoplanets, will be the next major expansion in capability—and delivery of information and data—to comb through the universe for life.

1 day ago

Not only are owners left with only the heated seats to keep them warm, cars are unable to be defrosted effectively in cold weather.

The current supply chain issues may result in delays in this regard, and vehicle repair might be postponed temporarily.

A Porsche spokesperson told Auto Express that affected owners should contact their dealer and that repairs would be carried out in the order that the faults are reported.

23 hours ago
  • 1 min, 5 secs
  • #science
  • #Express
  • Summary

Scientists have identified a previously unknown layer of partially molten rock hidden below the Earth’s crust — one that may help settle a long-standing puzzle about how tectonic plates move.

Intrigued by signs of partially molten rock under the crust in these images, he began to compile similar data from around the world, until he had put together essentially a global map of the asthenosphere.

There is much to still learn about the Earth's interior (Image: Express.co.uk)Paper co-author and geodynamicist Professor Thorsten Becker commented: “We can’t rule out that, locally, melt doesn’t matter.

#Entertainment

Vogue Williams reflects on her split from first husband Brian McFadden
6 hours ago

Vogue Williams reflects on her split from first husband Brian McFadden

49 secs

Summary

Brian proposed eight months later and they wed in Tuscany in September 2012, yet three years later and shortly after moving back to Ireland they announced their split.

Candid: Vogue previously revealed that she wasn't speaking to her mother and was grieving the death of her father when she met Brian and wanted to 'run away' to be with him

Family fun: Vogue shares Theodore, four, Gigi, two, and Otto, 10 months, with her second husband Spencer Matthews (pictured in December)

Prince Harry releases first video since attacking Kate Middleton and Prince William as he mentions returning to UK
7 hours ago

Prince Harry releases first video since attacking Kate Middleton and Prince William as he mentions returning to UK

45 secs

Summary

He said: "For children and people with complex medical needs, WellChild provides access to high-quality care services and the opportunity to thrive at home alongside their families."

Harry continued: "I'd be remiss if I didn't mention the carers and health professionals, doctors, nurses, teachers and play specialists and many many more who are part of the WellChild family as well.

WellChild posted the video with the caption: "Our Patron Prince Harry, The Duke of Sussex, joins the call for nominations for the 2023 WellChildAwards in association with GSK.

‘The world wasn’t ready for him’: José Pinhal, the Portuguese kitsch-pop icon rescued from obscurity
7 hours ago

‘The world wasn’t ready for him’: José Pinhal, the Portuguese kitsch-pop icon rescued from obscurity

1 min, 12 secs

Summary

A combination of soft rock, synth-pop and new-wave commonly played during arraiais(local celebrations) in Portuguese towns and villages, the genre’s overtly romantic style leans into tropes of jealousy and men being let down by women.

This isn’t about kitsch, but an appreciation of Pinhal’s sincerity that parallels a generation embracing aspects of Portuguese pop and folk culture previously dismissed as tacky (such as Pinheiro cabbage leaf ceramics).

“Because of Portugal joining the European Union and the rural exodus that followed in the early 90s, a lot of the population felt a need to embrace a cosmopolitan modernisation,” she says: one in which Portuguese traditional music “just didn’t fit”.

#Entertainment

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#Technology

Quantum breakthrough could revolutionise computing
6 hours ago

Quantum breakthrough could revolutionise computing

56 secs

Summary

But, according to Prof Winfried Hensinger, who led the research at Sussex University, the new development paves the way for systems that can solve complex real world problems that the best computers we have today are incapable of.

Prof Michael Cuthbert, who is the director of the newly established National Quantum Computing Centre in Didcot, Oxfordshire and is independent of the Sussex research group described the development as a "really important enabling step".

Image caption, Quantum computers harness two weird properties of particles at the very small scale - they can be in two places at the same time and be strangely connected even though they are millions of miles apart.

Cities: Skylines Remastered coming to PS5 and Xbox Series X/S next week
8 hours ago

Cities: Skylines Remastered coming to PS5 and Xbox Series X/S next week

1 min, 0 secs

Summary

Cities: Skylines Remastered, as the new version is known, promises a broad range of improvements over the existing console release, starting with increased graphical performance - which is as specific as publisher Paradox Interactive is being on that front right now.

Other improvements include the ability for players to build bigger cities thanks to a bump in the buildable tile limit, which rises from 9 in the current console release to 25.

Elsewhere, there's a new map editor, as well as a quick selection tool, a distance indicator, a new environmental controls panel - used to adjust rain, fog, time of day, and environment colour - plus precision placement and updated snapping options.

Canon EOS R8: five things you need to know
12 hours ago

Canon EOS R8: five things you need to know

51 secs

Summary

We had a sneak preview at Canon UK’s HQ ahead of launch and have written a hands-on review, and while the camera impressed us in some areas, we've still got some burning questions – here are our early thoughts.

(Image credit: Future) Hybrid is a buzzword for Canon right now, and it’s rolling out greater video versatility in its latest RF-mount mirrorless cameras to complement powerful photo performance.

(Image credit: Future) Canon cameras almost always carry a higher price tag than the direct competition from the likes of Nikon, Fujifilm, Sony, and Panasonic.

#Technology

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#Science

The Hunt for Cosmic Dawn: HERA Doubles Sensitivity to Unlock the Secrets of the Early Universe
7 hours ago

The Hunt for Cosmic Dawn: HERA Doubles Sensitivity to Unlock the Secrets of the Early Universe

2 mins, 0 secs

Summary

An array of 350 radio telescopes located in the Karoo desert of South Africa is getting closer to detecting “cosmic dawn” – the time period following the Big Bang when stars first ignited and galaxies formed.

Reference: “Improved Constraints on the 21 cm EoR Power Spectrum and the X-Ray Heating of the IGM with HERA Phase I Observations” by The HERA Collaboration: Zara Abdurashidova, Tyrone Adams, James E. Aguirre, Paul Alexander, Zaki S. Ali, Rushelle Baartman, Yanga Balfour, Rennan Barkana, Adam P. Beardsley, Gianni Bernardi, Tashalee S. Billings, Judd D. Bowman, Richard F. Bradley, Daniela Breitman, Philip Bull, Jacob Burba, Steve Carey, Chris L. Carilli, Carina Cheng, Samir Choudhuri, David R. DeBoer, Eloy de Lera Acedo, Matt Dexter, Joshua S. Dillon, John Ely, Aaron Ewall-Wice, Nicolas Fagnoni, Anastasia Fialkov, Randall Fritz, Steven R. Furlanetto, Kingsley Gale-Sides, Hugh Garsden, Brian Glendenning, Adélie Gorce, Deepthi Gorthi, Bradley Greig, Jasper Grobbelaar, Ziyaad Halday, Bryna J. Hazelton, Stefan Heimersheim, Jacqueline N. Hewitt, Jack Hickish, Daniel C. Jacobs, Austin Julius, Nicholas S. Kern, Joshua Kerrigan, Piyanat Kittiwisit, Saul A. Kohn, Matthew Kolopanis, Adam Lanman, Paul La Plante, David Lewis, Adrian Liu, Anita Loots, Yin-Zhe Ma, David H.E.

MacMahon, Lourence Malan, Keith Malgas, Cresshim Malgas, Matthys Maree, Bradley Marero, Zachary E. Martinot, Lisa McBride, Andrei Mesinger, Jordan Mirocha, Mathakane Molewa, Miguel F. Morales, Tshegofalang Mosiane, Julian B. Muñoz, Steven G. Murray, Vighnesh Nagpal, Abraham R. Neben, Bojan Nikolic, Chuneeta D. Nunhokee, Hans Nuwegeld, Aaron R. Parsons, Robert Pascua, Nipanjana Patra, Samantha Pieterse, Yuxiang Qin, Nima Razavi-Ghods, James Robnett, Kathryn Rosie, Mario G. Santos, Peter Sims, Saurabh Singh, Craig Smith, Hilton Swarts, Jianrong Tan, Nithyanandan Thyagarajan, Michael J. Wilensky, Peter K. G. Williams, Pieter van Wyngaarden and Haoxuan Zheng, 19 January 2023, The Astrophysical Journal.

Newly-discovered galaxy 'mirrors the early Milky Way'
22 hours ago

Newly-discovered galaxy 'mirrors the early Milky Way'

52 secs

Summary

The combined mass of SMACS 0723 operates as a gravitational lens and, according to NASA, 'magnify and distort the light of objects behind them, permitting a deep field view into both the extremely distant and intrinsically faint galaxy populations'.

Webb's NIRCam, which captures light from the edge of the visible through the near infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum, brought distant galaxies into sharp focus in the image.

The telescope will be used to look back to the first galaxies born in the early universe more than 13.5 billion years ago, and observe the sources of stars, exoplanets, and even the moons and planets of our solar system.

New layer of molten rock identified ‘hidden’ under the Earth’s tectonic plates
23 hours ago

New layer of molten rock identified ‘hidden’ under the Earth’s tectonic plates

1 min, 5 secs

Summary

Scientists have identified a previously unknown layer of partially molten rock hidden below the Earth’s crust — one that may help settle a long-standing puzzle about how tectonic plates move.

Intrigued by signs of partially molten rock under the crust in these images, he began to compile similar data from around the world, until he had put together essentially a global map of the asthenosphere.

There is much to still learn about the Earth's interior (Image: Express.co.uk)Paper co-author and geodynamicist Professor Thorsten Becker commented: “We can’t rule out that, locally, melt doesn’t matter.

#Science

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#Health

Girl, 7, becomes youngest person in the world to be diagnosed with breast cancer
18 hours ago

Girl, 7, becomes youngest person in the world to be diagnosed with breast cancer

46 secs

Summary

If the girl's diagnosis does not improve, the family said they will visit specialists in Barcelona who have experience in treating young cancer patients.

The graphic designer from Loddon, Norfolk, has now began making small plans for the next two years and would love to take Bodhi abroad for the first time.

The mother of the youngster, from Chile, first found a lump on her daughter's breast when she was five and she has now undergone an operation to remove the affected area

Disorder or difference? Autism researchers face off over field's terminology
19 hours ago

Disorder or difference? Autism researchers face off over field's terminology

1 min, 8 secs

Summary

At issue is language—for example, whether researchers should describe autism as a “disorder,” “disability,” or “difference,” and whether its associated features should be called “symptoms” or simply “traits.” In scientific papers and commentaries published in recent months, some have decried ableist language among their colleagues whereas others have defended traditional terminology—with both sides saying they have the best interests of autistic people in mind.

Since autism’s earliest descriptions in the academic literature as a condition affecting social interaction and communication, researchers and clinicians have framed it as a medical disorder, with a set of symptoms to be treated.

“What is worse than I thought was how blatant a lot of the content was, which shows that, for [a] large proportion of participants, they did not consider the things they were saying to be problematic at all,” says lead author Monique Botha, a psychologist at the University of Stirling.

Study Finds Video Game Playing Causes No Harm to Young Children's Cognitive Abilities
19 hours ago

Study Finds Video Game Playing Causes No Harm to Young Children's Cognitive Abilities

1 min, 5 secs

Summary

“Our studies turned up no such links, regardless of how long the children played and what types of games they chose,” said Jie Zhang, associate professor of curriculum and instruction at the University of Houston College of Education and a member of the research team.

That result shows no direct linkage between video game playing and cognitive performance, despite what had been assumed,” said May Jadalla, professor in the School of Teaching and Learning at Illinois State University and the study’s principal investigator.

“The current study found results that are consistent with previous research showing that types of gameplay that seem to augment cognitive functions in young adults don’t have the same impact in much younger children,” said C. Shawn Green, professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

#Health

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#Politics

Chinese spy balloon – live: China rages over Biden’s SOTU as US briefs 40 nations about shot down balloon
6 hours ago

Chinese spy balloon – live: China rages over Biden’s SOTU as US briefs 40 nations about shot down balloon

1 min, 6 secs

Summary

1675843200 Republicans have wrapped the Chinese surveillance balloon into GOP talking points taking aim at the popular social media app TikTok, national security and the Biden administration’s relationship to China.

1675839600 On Monday, US officials said that improvements ordered by President Joe Biden to strengthen defenses against Chinese espionage helped identify last week’s spy balloon — and determine that similar flights were conducted at multiple points during the Trump administration.

US officials say that efforts ordered by President Joe Biden to strengthen defenses against Chinese espionage helped identify last week’s spy balloon — and determine that similar flights were conducted at multiple points during the Trump administration

Ukrainian President Zelenskyy to meet PM and King today in first UK visit since Russian invasion
6 hours ago

Ukrainian President Zelenskyy to meet PM and King today in first UK visit since Russian invasion

54 secs

Summary

He was greeted by the prime minister at Stansted Airport after landing in an RAF plane just before 10.30am on Wednesday for his first visit to the UK since Russia invaded Ukraine in February last year.

"Since 2014, the UK has provided vital training to Ukrainian forces, allowing them to defend their country, protect their sovereignty and fight for their territory.

"I am proud that today we will expand that training from soldiers to marines and fighter jet pilots, ensuring Ukraine has a military able to defend its interests well into the future.

Northern Ireland Protocol is lawful, Supreme Court rules
6 hours ago

Northern Ireland Protocol is lawful, Supreme Court rules

51 secs

Summary

Image caption, DUP leader Sir Jeffrey Donaldson (left), Baroness Kate Hoey (second right), and former first minister Dame Arlene Foster (right) outside the UK Supreme Court in London.

Matthew O'Toole of the Social Democratic and Labour Party said the Supreme Court's ruling provides "important clarity" on the legality of the protocol.

"Following this judgment, it is now critical that the EU and UK negotiating teams reach a comprehensive resolution that protects our unique access to the Single Market for goods while addressing the concerns around protocol implementation that have given rise to sincere objections related to trade barriers and identity issues in the unionist community," he added.

#Politics

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